The Five disciplines of Agnihotra


For the practice of Agnihotra a few disciplines are to be observed. If Agnihotra is performed sincerely, without changing its basic rules, it will certainly bring beneficial results. Let us know more about its various aspects.




O Healing Fire, we come to you daily at Sunrise and Sunset. – Rig-Veda


Agnihotra is performed daily at sunrise and sunset timings.


Sunrise and Sunset are two most significant circadian bio-rhythms.


The term “circadian” comes from the Latin terms “circa” – meaning around, and “diem” – meaning day.


The circadian rhythm refers to the natural, 24-hour body cycle that humans and animals naturally follow. With a circadian rhythm, people naturally tend to sleep when it’s nighttime and wake up when morning comes up.


It is closely linked with the Sunrise – Sunset cycle and is associated with the waking and sleeping patterns of animals and the metabolism of the plants like opening of flowers, etc.

The circadian rhythm, present in humans and most other animals, is generated by an internal clock that is synchronized to light-dark cycles and other cues in an organism’s environment. It also causes nocturnal animals to function at night when diurnal creatures are at rest.


This is in colloquial language referred to as the biological clock of the body.


Normal functioning of everything in this world is linked with the rhythmic alignment of the circadian rhythm. Any disturbance in this routine leads to a chaos. The normal schedule becomes adversely affected and even routine things start falling apart. Many disorders like insomnia, etc appear in humans.


Circadian rhythms can be disrupted by changes in daily schedule.


Agnihotra time is referred to as ai???Sandhyaai??i?? i.e. transitional moment. It is neither day nor night, neither light nor darkness. Veda describe this particular period as the Passage to Enlightenment ai???(Tirtha).


The science of Yoga attaches importance to this transitional moment. As per Yoga a man makes the use of either the left or the right nostril for breathing during the period from sunrise to sunset and there is a shift in the order beginning with sunset to sunrise. During this period ai???Idaai??i?? and ai???Pingalaai??i??, Nadis or channels of flow of energy, located in the breathing apparatus of the body, remain active in succession.


Agnihotra is ordained to be performed exactly on these vitally important transitional moments.

During these moments changes take place in the atmosphere which causes vital impact on all life forms and on the environment.


Exactly at the time of sunrise and sunset they are in the process of transition. The mind and body are in balance during this time band. Performance of Agnihotra synchronizing with this time strengthens the beneficial effects on the mind and the body.


The counting of the exact times of Sunrise or Sunset is done by using Vedic methodology. The Vedas consider a moment as sunset when half of the sun appears to have set below the horizon and sunrise is considered as the moment when half of the sun is visible over the horizon.


Semi- pyramid shaped copper vessel-


The vessel or Patra prescribed for Agnihotra is made of pure copper which is known for its Oligodynamic (i.e. antibacterial) properties. Copper, which is known to be an excellent conductor of heat and electricity, plays an important role in the process of Agnihotra. Agnihotra has close connection with fire, heat, electromagnetic forces and cosmic energy fields. The shape of Agnihotra vessel is precisely similar to pyramid.


The word pyramid (Pyr + mid) means ai???a geometrically perfect shape which has healing energies in the centerai??i??. The pyramid shaped copper vessel receives, intensifies and emanates healing and purifying energy in the surrounding area where Agnihotra is being performed. Its effectiveness reaches peak levels at sunrise and sunset. The shape and the metal copper enhance the potency of the healing energies emanating during the practice of Agnihotra.


Cow dung cakes-


Fire for Agnihotra is to be prepared out of dried cow dung cakes. Ayurveda says that Cow dung has anti bacterial properties.


The Offerings-


Cow’s pure ghee-

Only Ghee made from Cowai??i??s is used for Agnihotra

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Rice grains-

The offerings consist of two pinches full of uncooked unbroken rice grains. The concept of unbroken is emphasized as it is said that the healing Veerya or potency of the rice gets lowered if the grain is broken. For optimum benefits one must use unbroken rice grains.



The offerings of Agnihotra are to be offered to the fire along with the chanting of following Sanskrit mantras.

At sunrise: Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??




Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai?? SOORYAYA IDAM NA MAMA {First Mantra}


Purport- O Sun, the giver of energy, I salute you and offer unto you what is given to me by you, that which is not mine but of the Divine.


Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai?? PRAJAPATAYE SWAHA,

Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai?? PRAJAPATAYE IDAM NA MAMA {Second mantra}


Purport- O lord, the Creator, I salute you and offer unto you that what is given to me by you, that which is not mine but of the Divine.


At sunset:Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??



Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai?? AGNAYE IDAM NA MAMA {First Mantra}


Purport- O Agni, the Primordial element, I salute you and offer unto you that what is given to me by you, that which is not mine but of the Divine.


Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai?? PRAJAPATAYE SWAHA,

Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai??Ai?? PRAJAPATAYE IDAM NA MAMA {second Mantra}

Purport- O lord, the Creator, I salute you and offer unto you that what is given to me by you, that which is not mine but of the Divine.



These mantras are easy to chant. Agnihotra mantras have a relaxing and purifying effect on the mind. They create vibrations of peace and love.


These Mantras are in Sanskrit language.


Their effect on the atmosphere, living beings and even plants is extremely pacifying. Agnihotra Mantras are to be uttered in their original form that is in Sanskrit. They are not to be translated in any other language because it will change their original frequency patterns. The translated words will be devoid of creating the beneficial vibratory sound waves and hence no benefits can be derived from uttering such words.


The offering to the fire are to be made uttering only two Mantras. There are two mantras in the morning at sunrise and two mantras in the evening at sunset. The mantras should be chanted in clear voice. Agnihotra mantras are to be uttered in a way that its sound vibrates in the entire household.


The words Soorya, Agni and Prajapati in the Mantras are synonyms of energy and the Almighty.


As we have seen in the earlier chapters, the Sun, the Agni are the chief energy sources on the planet and are given synonyms similar to the Supreme Consciousness. The Agnihotra Mantraai??i??s inculcate a feeling of surrender unto the Almighty and its energy.


The Sunrise Mantra is a prayer to the Sun, the propeller and the impelling power behind our world, to provide energy, healing and life till the Sunset.


The Sunset Mantra is a prayer to the Agni symbolizing warmth and protection, to provide energy, healing and protection of life till the Sunrise.


The second line in each Mantra referring to the word Prajapati meaning The Creator is a sign of praying unto the Divine Energy to create a feeling to surrender in the mind, body and soul.

Vishwa promotes the use of green energy sources. We have tried to use solar energy for water heating at almost all our residential complexes and retreats. We also have plans to set up a 5 MW solar power plant to generate electricity in the near future.

Water Harvesting:

Every building in Shivpuri is fitted with rain water harvesting system, which collects the rain water and drains it into a pond. A huge water collection pond, which can hold up to 50 lakh litres of water, called Shivpuri Sarovar has been built especially to hold this water. Most of the irrigation needs are met for the crops and the herbal plantations done here with this water. Shivpuri also has number of wells which provide water for various domestic and cooking purposes.

Wildlife Conservation:

Special water reservoirs have been created all over Shivpuri for birds and wild animals. In summertime, the local water sources dry up. The wildlife then flocks at these reservoirs as these become the chief source of drinking water for them. Itai??i??s a marvelous sight to see many colorful and fascinating birds quenching their thirst on the ponds. Also animals like rabbits, jackals, wild dogs, civets, mongoose, black bucks, can be sighted at the ponds.

We are also working with organizations like BNHS, etc to promote animal welfare in India. We help them raise resources and awareness by providing them a platform at Vishwa Mahotsav every year. We also conduct workshops and discussion forums through schools, colleges, etc to promote wildlife conservation.

Promoting Vegetarianism:

We actively promote vegetarianism. We promote the benefits of vegetarian cooking via many ways. E.g.we organize cooking shows with the help of expert chefs from to time for our audience who share our beliefs. We are also attached with groups like PETA, pioneering the cause of vegetarianism and cattle protection.

Nature-friendly Agriculture- Agnihotra Farming Methods:

Vishwaai??i??s farming is based on the Agnihotra Farming Method. Shree Sharada Eco Farms, the farming areas of Shivpuri is spread in around 80 acres. Various grains like wheat, rice, jowar, pulses like mung, urad etc are grown here. Besides, a lot of vegetables and fruits are grown.

In Shivpuri, you can see a wide variety of horticultural plantations like mango, pomegranate, papaya, custard apple, coconuts, etc. Once they are ripe and ready for consumption, they are sent to Annapurna kitchen. Many Agnihotra families regularly buy them from Veda store. People from all over the world come to learn Agnihotra Farming Techniques to Shivpuri and participate in the farm work as a part of seva or free service. A demonstration plot has been developed and set aside that is used for the learning requirements of the farmers.

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Every year a lot of compost is prepared on the farms as a part of the farming process. A large compost pit has been created near the Goshala. Every day the residual cow dung, farm waste and Agnihotra Ash are added in layers. The entire mixture is turned over periodically and the compost gets ready in no time. Most of this compost is used in the farms, but a large amount is also used in other tree plantation projects run by Vishwa.

Nature Conservation:

Vishwa has been trying to create a reservoir of rare and endangered plants in Shivpuri. Many rare herbs which have medicinal values as per Ayurveda, have been planted in the farms of Shivpuri as part of its plantation project.

Vishwa is also working with many eminent nature conservationists on creating a bank of rare and protected trees and herbs. The herbs are identified and grown in a suitable and protected environment which Ai??helps in preserving rare species of plants and herbs. Awareness about the medicinal properties of these plants are explained to residents of Shivpuri, tourists, and guests to promote the importance of conservation of our natural reserves.


Vishwa promotes the use of recycled products through various initiatives, the foremost being the use of recycled paper. Vishwa is working with many schools, colleges and corporate organizations to ensure that they are helping them recycle waste paper in each of these sectors.

All the books, paper products meant to go out of use are collected and replaced with items made from recycled paper. Vishwa Ai??donates books made from recycled paper to children in rural schools.

Many talented artists who are working with creating sculptures and installations using recycled materials are given prominent space in the art gallery at the Vishwa events round the year.

We are working closely with a group called RUR- R U Recycling. It is based at Mumbai headed by Mrs. Monisha Narke, who was also the core team member of Vishwa Show 09. They are a team of an extremely motivated and talented volunteers, who spread awareness about recycling even amongst children by conducting seminars in schools.

Vishwa is also associated with many international organizations like the GUI based in Singapore, doing path breaking work in creating awareness about sustainable living and ecology.

Tree Plantation:

Since 2009, Vishwa has planted more than 10, 50,000 trees in and around Shivpuri in a very organized and thoughtful manner. The area of Akkalkot is relatively dry and arid. The tree population of this region is very low. Vishwa has done pioneering work in planting trees that not only provides shade, but also acts as oxygen banks and carbon depositories. The big trees help stop soil erosion and promote water retention. More than 80 rare Ayurveda herbs are also cultivated in Shivpuri. Identification and information sign boards have been placed with each tree. Vishwa plans to plant at least another 1,50,000 trees in the coming two years.

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